By Ralf Hoffrogge
Richard Müller, a number one determine of the German Revolution in 1918, is unknown this day. because the operator and unionist who represented Berlin’s metalworkers, he used to be the most organiser of the ‘Revolutionary Stewards’, a clandestine community that organised a sequence of mass moves among 1916 and 1918. With powerful aid within the factories, the innovative Stewards have been the driver of the Revolution. through telling Müller's tale, this learn supplies a truly assorted account of the innovative start of the Weimar Republic. utilizing new archival resources and forsaking the normal specialize in the historical past of political events, Ralf Hoffrogge zooms in on operating type politics at the store flooring and its contribution to social change.
First released in German by way of Karl Dietz Verlag as Richard Müller - Der Mann hinter der November Revolution, Berlin, 2008, this English variation was once thoroughly revised for the English talking viewers and includes new resources and up to date literature.
Read Online or Download Working-Class Politics in the German Revolution: Richard Müller, the Revolutionary Shop Stewards and the Origins of the Council Movement (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 77) PDF
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Additional resources for Working-Class Politics in the German Revolution: Richard Müller, the Revolutionary Shop Stewards and the Origins of the Council Movement (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 77)
He personally endorsed Cohen’s re-election. Adolf Cohen won with only a third of the votes while two thirds of the assembly abstained. 42 It is conceivable that he feared his own imprisonment as well as repression of the entire union if he, and the views with which he was now associated, rose to a leadership position. It is also likely that he still hoped that the Social Democratic and union leadership would change course. 43 He would not definitively lose faith in the union leadership until after the Revolution when he and the opposition successfully pushed for a re-election of the DMV’s executive board.
By the time Otto von Bismarck left office in 1890, the system of European alliances that the famous chancellor had so carefully devised was starting to crumble. Since the German Reich was established in 1871, Bismarck had used artful diplomacy to smooth over foreign policy conflicts between the established industrial powers, England and France, and the rapidly developing upstart Germany. He had always pursued balance between the powers to 1 ‘Burgfrieden’ – literally ‘peace inside the castle’, a metaphor in which the German nation was described as a medieval stronghold under siege, in which all inhabitants needed to cooperate against the enemy.
44 45 Dirk H. Müller 1985a, pp. 305f. Dirk H. Müller 1985a, pp. , Müller 1924a, pp. 126f. In September 1917, all of the DMV district conferences protested against the local DMV administrations’ increasingly obvious collaboration with military authorities and finally demanded that they ‘vacate their positions immediately’. The protest was disregarded. See Winkler 1964, p. 400. chapter 4 The Revolutionary Shop Stewards and Political Mass Strikes: 1916–18 After the ‘serious mistake’ of March 1916, Richard Müller and the dissenting metalworkers had no choice but to protest deteriorating working and living conditions in defiance of the strike ban and the union leadership that stood by it.