The Muslim-Croat Civil War in Central Bosnia: A Military by Charles R. Shrader

By Charles R. Shrader

During this quantity, Charles R. Shrader deals an army heritage of an important clash in Bosnia among former allies. while the Bosnian Serbs and their Serbian allies attacked Bosnia-Herzegovina in March 1992 the Bosnian Croats and Muslims collaborated to protect themselves. As Serbian strain elevated and it turned transparent that the West wouldn't intrude, the 2 allies started to stake out their very own claims. Drawing from circumstances awarded earlier than the overseas felony Tribunal for the previous Yugoslavia, Shrader describes the association and tactical doctrine of the Croatian Defence Forces and the Muslim-led military of Bosnia-Herzegovina. He analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the 2 aspects in such fields as communications, education and logistics. In a end which a few might locate uncomfortable, Shrader argues that faraway from being the attackers, the Bosnian Croats in imperative Bosnia have been essentially out numbered, outgunned and at the shielding.

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The village guard formations were often multiethnic and included Croats, Muslims, and even some Serbs. Village guards elected their own leaders and served primarily as sentries and a weak reaction force in case of trouble. Although not officially a part of the HVO, the village guards formed a recruiting pool of potential volunteers for HVO military formations. Able-bodied members of the village guards often served voluntarily as members of the “shifts” manning the frontline against the BSA, and many of them were absorbed into the HVO brigades under the control of HQ, OZCB, after the Muslim attacks began in April, 1993.

As shown on Map 1, the Lasva Valley sits astride the principal routes from the coast and Herzegovina to northern and eastern Bosnia. Through it runs the only east-west route through central Bosnia from Travnik via Vitez, Kaonik, Busovaca, and Kiseljak to Sarajevo. Thus, for both the HVO and the ABiH, control of the Lasva Valley was the key to controlling the vital lifelines to the outside world. Entry into the Lasva Valley from the north can be accomplished by four routes: the main road from Banja Luka via Jajce and Turbe to Travnik (the old Roman Via Bosnae); the road from Poljanice via Han Bila that connects with the main route through the Lasva Valley just to the northeast of Stari Bila; the road from Zenica via Cajdras and Sivrino Selo that joins the Lasva Valley road at Dubravica just east of Vitez; and the 19 Operational Milieu road from Zenica along the Bosna River that turns west at the junction of the Lasva and Bosna Rivers and enters the valley via Grablje, Strane, and Kaonik.

The latter also yearned to incorporate the substantial Serb population of the Croatian Krajina. The growing sense of cultural nationalism among the South Slavs was accompanied by efforts to achieve political independence from their Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian overlords. The Croats supported the Austrian Hapsburgs in the suppression of the Hungarian revolution of 1848 and briefly obtained their independence from Magyar domination. However, the Croats were poorly paid for their efforts, and with the Compromise of 1867 and the creation of the Dual Monarchy, they were returned to Hungarian control.

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