Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the by Carlos Ortiz

By Carlos Ortiz

Inner most military and international defense: A consultant to the problems is the 1st booklet to supply a accomplished but obtainable survey of the personal army teams taken with conflicts world wide. geared up round 4 subject matters, it covers the historical past of non-public army forces considering that 1600, the most modern actors and their defining features, the environments during which inner most military function, and gives an research of the common sense at the back of privatizing security.This publication is going past traditional wisdom, providing either a theoretical procedure and a brand new, sensible viewpoint to enhance the certainty of the continuing weather of worldwide instability and correct gamers inside it. quite a few examples support the reader take hold of the entire variety of real-world demanding situations and conceptual aspects surrounding this attention-grabbing, but hugely polarizing subject.

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Extra info for Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues (Contemporary Military, Strategic, and Security Issues)

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The still largely mercenary armies that emerged after the war became instruments promoting the absolute power enjoyed by monarchs. 25 26 Private Armed Forces and Global Security In the process, the centralization of power resulted in rulers assuming total control over the means of coercion. War thus came to play an important role mediating the affairs of states in the reconfigured map of Europe. Armies controlled by states, for their part, were conceived as providing the ideal forces. However, the wealth generated by the merchant class was needed to pay for wars and soldiers.

Besides the fact that rivalry between the city-states motivated the hiring of the condottieri, affluence in the Italian peninsula also encouraged this private military system. The commonality of the practice resulted in the term condottieri transcending its specific use and becoming an alternative means of reference to conventional mercenaries. Inevitably, some commentators have argued historical parallels between PMCs and the free companies and condottieri. The mercenary trade became a common practice and an important source of income for the masses.

This nascent form of commerce introduced the idea of incorporation, with stockholders supplying the capital needed for companies to operate. Companies assumed a unified identity, which was frequently managed by courts or boards of directors and investors. Nearly all of the European nations with maritime capabilities established companies for trade in the Indies, East and West, and Africa. History documents companies established at least in Denmark, England, France, Portugal, Scotland, Sweden, and the United Provinces (the Netherlands).

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