Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries: Individual Sports by J. Borms

By J. Borms

Epidemiology of Pediatric recreation accidents studies integratively the present facts on distribution and determinants of damage charges in various activities, and indicates damage prevention measures and guidance for extra examine. This quantity specializes in person activities, because the subsequent quantity will speak about crew activities. jointly the 2 volumes give you the first complete compilation and significant research of epidemiological info over a variety of young ones and adolescence activities. during this quantity, the reader will locate info on person activities resembling Equestrian, Gymnastics, Martial Arts, snowboarding and skiing, Tennis, Wrestling in addition to tune and box accidents. all of the sports-specific chapters are laid out with a similar simple headings, in order that you can still locate universal details throughout chapters. The part headings comprise: occurrence of harm; harm features; damage severity; damage hazard components and recommendations for damage prevention and extra learn. Spor

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Data]; • a relatively high frequency of injury during the early part of practice or during timed warmup for competition [9, 10, 13]; • increased rates of injury following periods of reduced training, during competitive routine preparation, and during the weeks just prior to competition [9, 13, 23]; • sprains and strains are the most common injury types [3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 13, 17]; • a high prevalence of overuse injuries affecting the spine and wrist of both male and female gymnasts [33–63]; Caine/Nassar 48 • catastrophic injuries appear to be infrequent outcomes of high school gymnastics participation [69, 70]; however, there are no rate data on this injury type among club-level gymnasts; • time loss associated with injury is greater for competition than for practice injuries, and greater for advanced- than beginning-level gymnasts [9, 12, 13, 17]; • about one in four injuries is a re-injury [9, 10, 13]; there is some evidence that most re-injuries are chronic injuries [9, 13]; • little is known about the long-term effect of gymnastics injuries; however, there is evidence that history of back and elbow injury is related to persistence of symptoms following retirement [74–76]; • injury is a reason for dropping out for some gymnasts, perhaps as many as one in ten [9, 13, 16, 18]; and • factors shown to be associated with increased risk of injury include: greater body size, age, and body fat [80–82]; periods of rapid growth [13, 60]; life stress [23, 83]; and, in some studies, advanced levels of training and competition [9, 13].

27]) Gymnastics Injuries Level/Study Recreational Retrospective study Lowry and Leveau [5] Club Prospective studies Garrick and Requa [6] Pettrone and Ricciardelli [3]** Caine et al. [13] Lindner and Caine [10] Kolt and Kirkby [12] Caine et al. 5 33 *A participant season is one gymnast participating in one season. **Includes data for recreational as well as club gymasts. 6 0 Table 6. Cross-sectional studies of lower back conditions affecting young female and male gymnasts (adapted from Caine [2] and Caine et al.

Clin Sports Med 1984;3:829–850. Bruggemann GP: Mechanical load in artistic gymnastics and its relation to apparatus and performance; in Leglise M (ed): Symposium Medico-Technique 1999. Lyss (Switzerland), International Gymnastics Federation, pp 17–27. Hall SJ: Mechanical contribution to lumbar stress injuries in female gymnasts. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1986;18:599–602. Swärd L: The thoracolumbar spine in young elite athletes. Current concepts on the effects of physical training. Sports Med 1992;13:357–362.

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