By Zoran Morvaj
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Extra resources for Energy efficiency - a bridge to low carbon economy
Fig. 4. Four leverages to improve urban energy efficiency (displayed in italics). Whereas most of the current efforts aim at improving buildings’ technology and energy systems’ efficiency, very significant reductions in final energy consumption can be achieved by tackling the two other leverages that are urban morphology and individual behaviours. 5 in the final energy consumption. In other words, everything else being equal, a city with an appropriate urban morphology has a structural energy consumption that is 50 to 60% smaller than another city with a “bad” urban morphology.
This destruction of the road network scale hierarchy is made obvious by the indicator assessing the distance between the network and the optimal power-law distributed network: it is equal to 509. It is 3000 times bigger than for the Parisian network. The Corbusean fabric is only made of three street scales: 240 km of 10 m wide streets, 220 km of 30 m wide streets, and 1,640 km of 50 m wide streets. All other scales are missing. The extremely high value of the deviation indicator shows that the scale hierarchy is reversed.
2005). But as building technologies improve significantly at the present time, notably concerning glazing and insulation, the share of this unwanted phenomenon in the overall energy consumption figure will tend to diminish significantly in the future. In the office buildings, energy consumption is mostly associated with lighting, ventilating and cooling, even though the outside temperature is low. Concerning residential buildings, improved glazing and insulation will diminish the share of heating in the overall energy consumption figure in a close future.