By Joan Fitzgerald
Here's a clean examine how American towns are top the way in which towards greener, cleanser, and extra sustainable kinds of fiscal improvement.
In Emerald Cities, Joan Fitzgerald exhibits how within the absence of a finished nationwide coverage, towns like Chicago, big apple, Portland, San Francisco, and Seattle have taken the lead in addressing the interrelated environmental difficulties of world warming, pollutants, power dependence, and social justice. towns are significant assets of toxins yet due to their inhabitants density, reliance on public transportation, and different components, Fitzgerald argues that they're uniquely fitted to advertise and reap the benefits of eco-friendly monetary improvement. For towns dealing with worsening funds constraints, making an investment in high-paying eco-friendly jobs in renewable strength expertise, development, production, recycling, and different fields will clear up difficulties instantaneously, sparking fiscal progress whereas even as dramatically bettering caliber of existence. Fitzgerald additionally examines how making an investment in eco-friendly examine and expertise can assist to revitalize older commercial towns and gives examples of towns that do not make the top-ten eco-friendly lists equivalent to Toledo and Cleveland, Ohio and Syracuse, manhattan. And for towns wishing to emulate these already engaged in constructing greener monetary practices, Fitzgerald indicates which innovations can be ideal in accordance with each one city's dimension, fiscal historical past, geography, and different particular conditions. yet towns can't act by myself, and Fitzgerald analyzes the function of kingdom and nationwide executive coverage in supporting towns create the subsequent wave of fresh expertise development.
Lucid, forward-looking, and guided by way of a level-headed optimism that basically distinguishes among actual growth and exaggerated claims, Emerald Cities issues the way in which towards a sustainable destiny for the yankee urban.
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Extra info for Emerald Cities: Urban Sustainability and Economic Development
These activities are the nuts and bolts of economic development planning. We will see them all in action in the chapters that follow. 13 Some advocates like to deﬁne sustainable development in terms of the “three E’s”: • Economy—Creating economic activity in order to create decent jobs, income, and a tax base. • Ecology—Protecting and building the city’s natural assets and creating a less polluting environment. ). ” The environmental justice movement, a concept ﬁrst articulated in 1982, points out that low-income people and communities of color are often the targets of every kind of environmental assault from toxic waste dumps to elevated levels of ambient lead.
3 Renewable Cities . 2 Unfortunately, the United States has gone from being a leader in renewable energy technology research and development to a consumer of technology designed and produced elsewhere. Although we still have some research and production, it will take a lot of investment and a comprehensive national policy for the United States to become a leading producer of solar and wind energy. In the absence of national policy, many states have been implementing their own policies and programs to promote renewable energy.
23. Renewable Cities 60 37 Health 50 Space 40 Energy 30 Other 20 Nat. Res. /Env. 10 Gen. 2 Trends on Nondefense R&D by Function, 1953–2009 (outlays for the conduct of R&D, billions of constant FY 2008 dollars). Source: American Wind Energy Association, 2008. the states are requiring utilities to purchase more renewable energy through a renewable portfolio standard (see text box on pp. 50–51), which requires a set proportion of energy to be purchased by utilities from renewable sources. Although cities and states are trying to increase demand for renewable energy, there is no consistent industrial policy to expand supply.