By Frederick Taylor
The bombing begun presently after 10:00 P.M. on February thirteen, 1945. within the fifteen hours that undefined, 1,100 American and British heavy bombers dropped greater than 4,500 lots of high-explosive bombs and incendiary units, leaving the traditional urban of Dresden -- "the Florence of the Elbe" -- in flaming ruins and claiming the lives of millions of its electorate. Twelve weeks later the German give up used to be in hand, signaling the top of worldwide battle II.
Yet this present day the bombing of Dresden is embedded in our collective awareness no longer because the toppling blow to Nazi Germany yet as one among history's most harsh wartime atrocities, a vicious and militarily unjustifiable act of vengeful retribution opposed to a calm, appealing, defenseless urban in some way faraway from the war-making equipment that had differently ate up all of Germany.
What fairly occurred at Dresden -- either the proof of the occasions themselves and the explanations in the back of the striking legacy of propaganda that has left us at midnight approximately these occasions for almost sixty years -- is the topic of Frederick Taylor's floor breaking research. After cautious examine into British, American, and German documents (including lately stumbled on records, now to be had after many years of communist censorship) and interviews with either bombers and survivors, Taylor -- a bilingual pupil, translator, and author -- has created the main entire portrait ever assembled of the town, its humans, and people fascinated about its destiny. lots of his findings require a revelatory shift in how we comprehend those occasions. for example, he demonstrates that
the numbers of useless -- often brought up in far more than 100,000 -- have been tremendously exaggerated, for propaganda reasons, by means of Josef Goebbels (Taylor estimates the particular demise toll at among 25,000 and 40,000)
charges that Allied pilots overhead shot down German civilians as they fled towards safeguard have been patently false
contrary to well known trust, Dresden was once a urban of substantial army value, either as a transportation hub and a huge manufacturer of armaments and armed forces provisions.
is the 1st really proficient and fair-minded heritage of the bombing that lives in infamy. Frederick Taylor's e-book, a in charge and long-overdue corrective to a sixty-year-long legacy of incorrect information masquerading as truth, might be remembered for generations either as a piece of putting up with scholarship and as a relocating, compassionate narrative of a human tragedy of ancient importance.
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Extra resources for Dresden: Tuesday, February 13, 1945
Nr. 190176, is shown here following capture by Col. Watson's special group at Lechfeld, June 1945. Note this "Uhu" has been victimized and is lacking the lower radar antenna elements and forward windscreen. Minor camouflage variations appear even within the He 219's approved scheme. Note that this example's props and spinners were solid Black-Green 70. The placement of the serial number is aJso noteworthy. 62 Heinkel He 219 A-7 Uhu/Owl Color 75 Gray-Violet Color 76 Light Blue This official factory camouflage pattern for the He 219A called for the entire airframe to be painted Color 76, with a spotted mottle of 75 over all upper surfaces including the vertical tail plane.
Nr. /NJG 3 as D5+EV. Camouflage was 70/71 with 65 lower surfaces. Note the "England Blitz" emblem common to many night fighters. 70 Black-Green 70 SchwarzgrUn 71 Dark Green 71 DunkelgrUn 65 Light Blue 65 Hellblau 55 Above: Two Bf 110 G-4s found abandoned at St. Dizier du ring August 1944. /NJG 5, has been repainted prior to its forced landing. The code letter A is red outlined in . black. Camouflage of both machines appears to be 75/76. Nr. /NJG 1. Captured at Fritzlar in early April 1945, this machine was equipped with 300 Liter drop tanks.
Dv. 521/1 made no specific reference to night fighter camouflage schemes, although the all black scheme continued until early 1943 in some instances. Precise dating is not possible at present but a major changeover to a revised scheme of 76 overall with 75 mottling over the plan view area took place in late 1942/early 1943. ) The last of the new breed of night fighters to enter service, the He 219, 54 used the same general two-color scheme. The mottling, however, was done in hundreds of small spots closely spaced, a scheme also seen on some late production Ju 88 night fighters.