By Andrew Cottey, Timothy Edmunds, Anthony Forster
This significant comparative learn examines the demanding situations confronted via the international locations of postcommunist vital and jap Europe in securing democratic keep an eye on in their defense force and setting up a civilian keep watch over of security coverage. The e-book explores how the interplay of the typical demanding situations of postcommunism and the varied situations of person international locations form civil-military family during this altering sector. exact nation case reports written through top specialists evaluate the reports of Poland, Romania, the Baltic republics, the previous Yugoslav republics, Russia, and Ukraine.
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Extra resources for Democratic Control of the Military in Postcommunist Europe: Guarding the Guards (One Europe or Several?)
These changes to the ‘rules’ and institutions, however, are vital to consolidating a more stable approach of political society to democratic control of the armed forces. The reforms of Poland’s constitutional, legal and institutional order between 1989 and 1991 reﬂected the need to make immediate, even if only provisional, changes to reﬂect the transition from a communist to a democratic state. Under the communist system, the defence ministry was effectively answerable to the Soviet armed forces with a ‘uniformed’ Polish defence minister in government, while the highly centralized organs of the state concerned with defence and security were an appendage of the PZPR.
To understand the history of Polish civilmilitary relations merely as a procession of the ‘man on horseback’, however, is to engage in historical reductionism. The Polish civilmilitary relationship today has been preceded by a complex weave of historical developments not all of which serve to undermine the prospects for establishing and maintaining democratic, civilian control. Moreover, although military involvement in politics has been a recurring feature in this century, one cannot assume that it will persist into the next.
Qxd 10/10/01 4:32 PM Page 29 Democratic Control of Armed Forces in Poland 29 als who felt they could not support the idea of Poland moving closer to NATO. Soviet spies were also given seven days to come forward with impunity. Several did. We bade them farewell with Georgian champagne, toasts and gifts of garish landscape paintings. 29 The uncompromising (some believed insensitive) line taken by Parys toward the military leadership did little to win hearts and minds in the most senior levels of the ofﬁcer corps.