Cultures, Communities, Identities: Cultural Strategies for by Marjorie Mayo

By Marjorie Mayo

Cultures, groups, Identities explores a variety of cultural thoughts to advertise participation and empowerment in either First and 3rd international settings. This publication starts off by way of examining modern debates on cultures, groups, and identities, within the context of globalization. This units the framework for the dialogue of cultural suggestions to strive against social exclusion and to advertise group participation in transformative agendas for neighborhood financial and social improvement. the ultimate bankruptcy specializes in using cultural thoughts and new applied sciences throughout nationwide limitations, on the international point.

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Extra resources for Cultures, Communities, Identities: Cultural Strategies for Participation and Empowerment

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There have been a range of other attempts to move beyond previous orthodoxies, to develop progressive strategies for community-based policies and practice (Hoggett, 1997) as part of wider strategies to revitalise Left agendas, more generally, questions which concerned the Left from the post-Second World War period, as Chapter 1 has already indicated. Communities, Identities and Social Movements 39 The second point to be emphasised, in summarising these debates on the varying uses of the term, is that, for the purposes of community policies and practice, definitions of ‘community’ have tended to focus upon two aspects – community in terms of place or shared geography, and community in terms of shared interests, whether these are based upon ‘race’, ethnicity, religion or some other interest which the community in question shares in common.

36). As such, ideology represented a real force in human history. In capitalist society, the State and its ideological apparatuses, such as the educational system and cultural apparatuses reproduce ruling-class ideology, and so reinforce existing (exploitative) relations of production. This base – the relations of production – determined the superstructure, including the spheres of culture, but only in the last instance, rather than crudely or deterministically. Ideology was important in its own right, a site of class struggle, rather than simply reflecting the material base (Althusser, 1984).

The chapter starts by exploring the varying and contested meanings of the notion of ‘community’, whether ‘community’ has been defined in terms of geography or in terms of common interests and identities. This leads into some discussion of the concept of ‘identity’ itself, a concept which turns out to be no less problematic. The concluding sections of the chapter move on to explore varying perspectives on the New (and not-so-new) Social Movements in principle, and differing approaches to the role of social movements and community politics in practice.

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