By T. & S Kitchen
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Extra info for Crime Prevention in the Built Enviroment
Like defensible space, CPTED has many critics. Some, like Taylor (2002), suggest that because the environment is so vast and variable, generalisations about relationships between crime and place are difﬁcult to support empirically. While it is clear that some CPTED applications work sometimes in some locations relative to some specific crimes, there are no magic bullets. , 1997) that ﬁnd scientiﬁc evidence that some CPTED applications do indeed prevent some crimes. Other researchers who are supportive of CPTED, such as Samuels (2005), nevertheless point out that the CPTED name itself is misleading inasmuch as environmental design cannot really prevent crime but rather only mitigate or shape its occurrence.
E. independent of crime levels), and one that requires a tailored response. The European Crime Prevention Network, in its study of evaluated projects designed to reduce fear of crime in localities across Europe, concluded that there were so few reliable studies yet available that it was premature to produce lists of good practices that could be expected to be reliably replicated. The Network suggested as a consequence that a combination of interventions was probably more likely to be successful than any single intervention by itself, and offered the following as being likely to be useful as part of approaches of this nature: Our approach to this book 9 • Work to increase community cohesion.
Nevertheless, we think it is important not to lose sight of the fact that some localities do induce fear for reasons that are capable of being tackled, and that it is perfectly rational (and, indeed, perfectly believable) for people to express their fears about places of this nature. Two of the characteristics referred to above – the fact that crime and the fear of crime should be seen as separate but related phenomena, and the fact that when fear of crime begins to affect people’s behaviour this justiﬁes appropriate action to tackle these concerns – raise questions about the types of public policy responses to fear of crime that we might expect to see and the ways in which these might differ from responses to crimes themselves.