Climate Variability And Water Resources Degradation in by Hezron Mogaka, Samuel Gichere, Richard Davis, Rafik Hirji

By Hezron Mogaka, Samuel Gichere, Richard Davis, Rafik Hirji

The document, according to a fancy analytical method, presents a transparent fiscal reason for making an investment in enhanced water assets improvement and administration in Kenya. it truly is a part of the area Bank’s coverage discussion on water assets administration reforms and funding making plans in Kenya. It specializes in the industrial implications of 2 key components that make the economic climate and folks of Kenya hugely vulnerable—the results of weather variability and the regular degradation of the nation’s water assets. The 1997-2000 El Ni?o-La Ni?a episodes fee the rustic Ksh 290 billion, approximately 14 percentage of GDP through the 3 12 months interval. Given their regularity, over the longer term, floods and droughts are predicted to price the financial system approximately Ksh sixteen billion each year (2.4 percentage of GDP). this can be a very critical drag at the country’s financial functionality. Water assets degradation expenditures the rustic no less than Ksh 3.3 billion (0.5 percentage GDP) each year. the longer term annual effect of 2.9 percentage of GDP from those components has been built conservatively. whereas it's not fiscal to prevent all expenses, a lot of them could be minimized by means of elevated funding in administration and infrastructure and extra effective, dependable, and participatory administration and operation of the water source zone.

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Additional info for Climate Variability And Water Resources Degradation in Kenya: Improving Water Resources Development And Management

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In addition, another 46 MW of permanent and semi-permanent plants were installed (Okemo 2002). 6. 0% Source: Republic of Kenya, 2002a. The country’s hydropower potential has been minimally developed. There is a capacity for 2,263 MW from hydropower plants of 30 MW and above, while a further 3,000 MW can be generated from small plants. However, only 707 MW has been developed and connected to the national grid to date (Okemo 2002). There are also links between the traditional component of the energy sector and water resource development and management.

0 1996 1997 1998 1999 Year Source: Republic of Kenya 2001b. 5. Estimates of Livestock Populations in Kenya (millions)16 Herd Type ASALs Rest of Country Total National Herd Dairy cattle Other cattle Goats Hair Sheep Wool Sheep Camels Total Negligible 4 6 4 Negligible 1 15 3 5 6 3 1 Negligible 18 3 9 12 7 1 1 33 Source: Adopted from Aklilu and Wekesa 2001. wood in the last 20 years from forests to farm-based production; 47 percent was from natural forest estates in the 1980s, compared to only 8 percent in 2000 (Okemo 2002).

Fish provides an important source of protein and therefore plays an essential role in public health and contributes directly toward poverty eradication. Kenya’s fishery sector is also a major employer and foreign exchange earner. Inland fisheries comprise about 90 percent of total landed fish in Kenya. The total estimated Kenyan revenue from fish exports in the year 2000 was Ksh 3 billion ($37 million) with freshwater fish accounting for 95 percent. 4 percent of total export earnings. The fisheries industry employs over 15,000 artisanal fishermen and engages about 450,000 persons directly or indirectly in fish processing and trade.

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