By Simon Roberts, Nicolo Guariento
Das Handbuch erklart die Technologien, zeigt die verfugbaren Produkte und vermittelt anhand internationaler Projektbeispiele anschaulich deren Einsatz. Es liefert Architekten alles notwendige information, um neue oder bestehende Gebaude mit Photovoltaikanlagen auszustatten -Planung und Ausfuhrung verbindend.
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Extra info for Building Integrated Photovoltaics: A Handbook
It is recommended that the process of examining a particular building for its BIPV potential starts with a 3D model and a sun-path analysis. Zone 1 Zone 2 E Zone 4 Zone 3 The example in Figs. 9 is of a building in London for one day in February at 10am, 12 pm and 2pm, respectively. The example shows a simple block structure above the two stories of the main body of the building. The long axis of this block is aligned north-west to south-east and the block casts a shadow across the roof from morning to afternoon.
A new list of requirements must be addressed by a building-integrated PV system: ― Colour, image, size ― Weather-tightness ― Wind loading ― Durability and maintenance ― Safety during construction and in use (ﬁre, electrical, stability) ― Cost The appropriateness of the integration is inﬂuenced by the design, the materials and the surface ﬁnishes, also the size, proportion and subdivision of the components. These must always take into account the constructional system as a whole. In order to fulﬁl both requirements—those from construction and those from energy production (Chapter 3)—it is critical that PV integration is discussed from the beginning of the design process.
For a thin object such as a cable or handrail, the closer the object the darker the shadow. By increasing the separation, the shadow losses deﬁnition as it becomes larger. This has less eﬀect on electrical output since the shading is not concentrated on a few cells. Care needs to be taken with details near a module. Fig. 16 is an example of avoiding any features proud of the PV modules. 3. 1 Eﬀect of heat In a solar water heater for instance, the higher the temperature, the better the performance.