By Andrei Grebennikov, Narendra Kumar, Binboga S. Yarman
Broadband RF and Microwave Amplifiers presents huge assurance of broadband radio frequency (RF) and microwave strength amplifier layout, together with recognized historic and up to date novel schematic configurations, theoretical methods, circuit simulation effects, and sensible implementation options. The textual content starts through introducing two-port networks to demonstrate the habit of linear and nonlinear circuits, explaining the fundamental ideas of strength amplifier layout, and discussing impedance matching and broadband energy amplifier layout utilizing lumped and dispensed parameters. The e-book then:
- Shows how dissipative or lossy gain-compensation-matching circuits can supply an enormous trade-off among strength achieve, mirrored image coefficient, and working frequency bandwidth
- Describes the layout of broadband RF and microwave amplifiers utilizing actual frequency concepts (RFTs), offering quite a few examples in line with the MATLAB® programming process
- Examines Class-E energy amplifiers, Doherty amplifiers, low-noise amplifiers, microwave gallium arsenide field-effect transistor (GaAs FET)-distributed amplifiers, and complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) amplifiers for ultra-wideband (UWB) applications
Broadband RF and Microwave Amplifiers combines theoretical research with functional layout to create an excellent starting place for cutting edge principles and circuit layout techniques.
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Extra resources for Broadband RF and Microwave Amplifiers
43) where S11, S12, S21, and S22 are the S-parameters of the two-port network. 44) a2 = 0 where S11 is the reflection coefficient and S21 is the transmission coefficient for ideal matching conditions at the output terminal when there is no incident power reflected from the load. 45) a1 = 0 where S12 is the transmission coefficient and S22 is the reflection coefficient for ideal matching conditions at the input terminal. 3 Conversions between Two-Port Parameters The parameters describing the same two-port network through different two-port matrices (impedance, admittance, hybrid, or transmission) can be cross-converted, and the elements of each matrix can be expressed by the elements of other matrices.
8 Equivalence of π- and T-circuits. 95. 97. 3. 6 Three-Port Network with Common Terminal The concept of a two-port network with two independent sources can generally be extended to any multiport networks. 9 shows the three-port network where all three independent sources are connected to a common point. 9 Basic diagram of three-port network with common terminal. 103 is the indefinite admittance matrix of the three-port network and represents a singular matrix with two important properties: the sum of all terminal currents entering the circuit is equal to zero, that is, I1 + I2 + I3 = 0, and all terminal currents entering the circuit depend on the voltages between circuit terminals, which makes the sum of all terminal voltages equal to zero, that is, V13 + V32 + V21 = 0.
61) The relationships between S-parameters with Z-, H-, and ABCD-parameters can be obtained in a similar fashion. 2 Conversions between S-Parameters and Z-, Y-, H-, and ABCD-Parameters S-Parameters through Z-, Y-, H-, and ABCD-Parameters (Z11 − Z0 )(Z22 + Z0 ) − Z12Z21 (Z11 + Z0 )(Z22 + Z0 ) − Z12Z21 2 Z12Z0 = (Z11 + Z0 )(Z22 + Z0 ) − Z12Z21 2 Z21Z0 = (Z11 + Z0 )(Z22 + Z0 ) − Z12Z21 (Z + Z0 )(Z22 − Z0 ) − Z12Z21 = 11 (Z11 + Z0 )(Z22 + Z0 ) − Z12Z21 Z-, Y-, H-, and ABCD-Parameters through S-Parameters (1 + S11 )(1 − S22 ) + S12S21 (1 − S11 )(1 − S22 ) − S12S21 2 S12 = Z0 (1 − S11 )(1 − S22 ) − S12S21 2 S21 = Z0 (1 − S11 )(1 − S22 ) − S12S21 (1 − S11 )(1 + S22 ) + S12S21 = Z0 (1 − S11 )(1 − S22 ) − S12S21 S11 = Z11 = Z0 S12 Z12 S21 S22 (1 − Y11Z0 )(1 + Y22Z0 ) + Y12Y21Z02 (1 + Y11Z0 )(1 + Y22Z0 ) − Y12Y21Z02 − 2 Y12Z0 = (1 + Y11Z0 )(1 + Y22Z0 ) − Y12Y21Z02 − 2 Y21Z0 = (11 + Y11Z0 )(1 + Y22Z0 ) − Y12Y21Z02 S11 = S12 S21 S22 = (1 + Y11Z0 )(1 − Y22Z0 ) + Y12Y21Z02 (1 + Y11Z0 )(1 + Y22Z0 ) − Y12Y21Z02 S21 S22 S21 1 Z0 1 Y12 = Z0 1 Y21 = Z0 1 Y22 = Z0 Y11 = (1 − S11 )(1 + S22 ) + S12S21 (1 + S11 )(1 + S22 ) − S12S21 −2 S12 (1 + S11 )(1 + S22 ) − S12S21 −2 S21 (1 + S11 )(1 + S22 ) − S12S21 (1 + S11 )(1 − S22 ) + S12S21 (1 + S11 )(1 + S22 ) − S12S21 (1 + S11 )(1 + S22 ) − S12S21 (1 − S11 )(1 + S22 ) + S12S21 2 S12 h12 = (11 − S11 )(1 + S22 ) + S12S21 −2 S21 h21 = (1 − S11 )(1 + S22 ) + S12S21 1 (1 − S11 )(1 − S22 ) − S12S21 h22 = Z0 (1 − S11 )(1 + S22 ) + S12S21 AZ0 + B − CZ02 − DZ0 AZ0 + B + CZ02 + DZ0 2(AD − BC )Z0 = AZ0 + B + CZ02 + DZ0 2 Z0 = AZ0 + B + CZ02 + DZ0 (1 + S11 )(1 − S22 ) + S12S21 2 S21 (1 + S11 )(1 + S22 ) − S12S21 B = Z0 2 S21 1 (1 − S11 )(1 − S22 ) − S12S21 C= Z0 2 S21 (1 − S11 )(1 + S22 ) + S12S21 D= 2 S21 S11 = S12 Z22 ( h11 − Z0 )(1 + h22Z0 ) − h12 h21Z0 ( h11 + Z0 )(1 + h22Z0 ) − h12 h21Z0 2 h12Z0 = ( h11 + Z0 )(1 + h22Z0 ) − h12 h21Z0 −2 h21Z0 = ( h11 + Z0 )(1 + h22Z0 ) − h12 h21Z0 ( h + Z0 )(1 − h22Z0 ) + h12 h21Z0 = 11 ( h11 + Z0 )(1 + h22Z0 ) − h12 h21Z0 S11 = S12 Z21 S22 = − AZ0 + B − CZ02 + DZ0 AZ0 + B + CZ02 + DZ0 © 2016 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC h11 = Z0 A= 12 Broadband RF and Microwave Amplifiers Z-, Y-, H-, and ABCD-parameters for the simplified case when the source impedance ZS and the load impedance ZL are equal to the characteristic impedance Z0 .