Britain and the 1918-19 Influenza Pandemic: A Dark Epilogue by Niall Johnson

By Niall Johnson

Between August 1918 and March 1919 a flu pandemic unfold around the globe and in exactly less than a 12 months forty million humans had died from the virus around the globe. this can be the 1st ebook to supply a complete heritage and heavily learn the British reviews in the course of that time.

The e-book offers the main up to date tally of the pandemic’s impression, together with the giant mortality, in addition to wondering the obvious origins of the pandemic. A ‘total’ background, this booklet levels from the unfold of the 1918–1919 pandemic, to the elemental biology of influenza, and the way epidemics and pandemics are attainable, to contemplate the demographic, social, financial and political affects of this sort of mammoth pandemic, together with the cultural dimensions of naming, blame, metaphors, reminiscence, the media, artwork and literature.

An inter-disciplinary learn, it stretches from background and geography via to medication for you to exhibit the total importance of the 1st international scientific ‘disaster’ of the 20th century, and appears forward to attainable pandemics of the future.

Niall Johnson brings a magnificent scholarly eye in this interesting and hugely correct subject making this crucial interpreting for historians and people with an curiosity in British and scientific history.

Show description

Read Online or Download Britain and the 1918-19 Influenza Pandemic: A Dark Epilogue PDF

Similar epidemiology books

Physical Illness and Drugs of Abuse: A Review of the Evidence

The well timed popularity of actual illnesses in sufferers with serious psychological problems is rising as a huge precedence within the scientific wellbeing and fitness box. even though it is celebrated that individuals with addictions to illicit components frequently strengthen quite a few psychological health and wellbeing and actual medical conditions, the epidemiological institutions among actual affliction and dependancy to illicit elements are poorly understood.

Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th Edition

The hot, thoroughly revised, and up-to-date version of this vintage textual content --sponsored by way of the foreign Epidemiological organization (IEA) and formerly edited via John Last-- continues to be the definitive dictionary in epidemiology world wide. in reality, with contributions from over 220 epidemiologists and different clients of epidemiology from around the world, it really is greater than a dictionary: it comprises causes and reviews on either middle epidemiologic phrases and on different clinical phrases suitable to all pros in medical drugs and public well-being, in addition to to pros within the different health and wellbeing, existence, and social sciences.

The Epidemiology of Schizophrenia

A world crew of major researchers and clinicians offers the 1st finished, epidemiological evaluate of this multi-faceted and still-perplexing disease. arguable matters reminiscent of the validity of discrete or dimensional classifications of schizophrenia and the continuum among psychosis and 'normality' are explored extensive.

Synergic influence of gaseous, particulate, and biological pollutants on human health

Synergic impression of Gaseous, Particulate, and organic pollution on Human future health is a special merger of 2 divergent components. the 1st half is a presentation of the prevailing wisdom at the features of uncomplicated air toxins and their documented influence on human wellbeing and fitness. the point of interest is at the major gaseous, airborne debris (including fiber debris) and organic pollution.

Extra info for Britain and the 1918-19 Influenza Pandemic: A Dark Epilogue

Sample text

They also saw benefit in adopting the approach Burnet suggested in his 1944 lectures at Harvard (Burnet 1945), agreeing that ‘infectious diseases should be studied primarily as an ecological problem of interaction between two species of organism’ (Zhdanov et al. 1958, translated 1960: 344). This is much more an ecological/epidemiological/geographical view rather than a simple, reductionist, mechanistic, ‘scientific’ medical view that had tended to dominate biomedical research. This criticism was echoed by van Helvoort who, when discussing Burnet’s monograph, also raised how some ‘studied the organism in isolation’ (what he termed the ‘ontological way’) while Burnet contrasted these methods with a study of organisms in their natural environment: the ecological approach.

Crosby critiques Pfeiffer’s approach, revealing the flaws in his research, but does recognise the ‘keenness of hindsight’ (Crosby 1989: 269). Pfeiffer first saw the bacillus in 1890, but did not begin his research on influenza until November 1891, by which time the Russian flu epidemic was waning. Crosby wonders if the organisms Pfeiffer examined actually came from that epidemic at all. Pfeiffer certainly found large quantities of the bacillus in the upper respiratory tracts of people who apparently had been ill with influenza, as required by the first of the Koch postulates.

Consequently, more than seventeen million birds died or were destroyed in the HK SAR (Gladwell 1997: 64). The WHO subsequently claimed that ‘most influenza experts . . agree that the prompt culling of Hong Kong’s entire poultry population . . probably averted a pandemic’ (WHO 2004a). It appears that the virus may have been a re-combination of human and avian flus occurring in southern China. China has previously been identified as a possible reservoir of influenzas due to the large numbers of birds and pigs, often in close contact with people.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.77 of 5 – based on 27 votes

Related posts