By Sean M Grady
One of the most major and almost certainly devastating hazards to human and animal lifestyles come from assets we can't see with out assistance from microscopes. Viruses, micro organism, and different microorganisms were a troubling presence on the earth most likely from the time multicellular existence first seemed. As a part of the hot technology and know-how in concentration sequence, Biohazards covers the heritage of ways those tremendous robust microscopic invaders have plagued the human race and the way people have replied to those assaults. complete and up to date, this quantity appears on the contemporary resurgence of ailments that have been as soon as notion vanished, resembling tuberculosis and staphylococcus. It additionally explores the renewed risk of organic conflict within the kind of bioterrorism following the assaults at the global alternate middle and the Pentagon on September eleven, 2001. utilizing the latest details on hand, Biohazards covers different very important issues similar to the hot anthrax scare, the continuing conflict opposed to HIV/AIDS, and the routine outbreaks of tremendous lethal illnesses similar to Ebola.
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Extra resources for Biohazards: Humanity's Battle With Infectious Disease (Science and Technology in Focus)
Most people (approximately 80 percent) who come in contact with these microbes show no signs of infection. Symptoms, among those who exhibit them, are often no more severe than a mild case of the flu, and, indeed, the West Nile virus is sometimes misdiagnosed as the flu. ) There are, however, some who are particularly susceptible to the effects of the virus. For these individuals, the West Nile virus can be fatal. ) From 1999 to the end of 2003, 510 people in the United States died from the disease, according to the National Institutes of Health.
The most common way to contract tuberculosis is to inhale bacteria that have been coughed or sneezed out by someone who suffers from the disease. Crowded conditions make it easy for tuberculosis to jump from person to person. In the past, tuberculosis was a major killer in virtually every nation. Millions of people died from tuberculosis each year, and it affected people from all walks of life. The American novelist Robert Louis Stevenson (1850–94) had tuberculosis, as did the Polish composer Frédéric Chopin (1810–49) and the Norwegian mathematician Niels Hendrik Abel (1802–29).
As late as 1967, smallpox caused an estimated 2 million deaths worldwide. Efforts by the United Nations’ World Health Organization resulted in the eradication of the disease. It now survives at two research laboratories on opposite sides of the globe. ) Cholera, Tuberculosis, and Other Foes Smallpox and the plague have special places in history because they killed so many people in such a short span that they altered the course of history. But the catalog of biohazardous organisms includes many other devastating microbes.