Bernard Montgomery: The Background, Strategies, Tactics and by Tim Moreman

By Tim Moreman

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Field Marshal Bernard legislation Montgomery is the best-known and such a lot arguable British basic of worldwide struggle II, who keeps to impress powerful critiques at the present time. recognized for his not easy criteria and prickly character, he however possessed a present for war, prime 8th military to victory over Rommel in North Africa and masterminding Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy. Montgomery's vanity and shortage of social grace, although, have been his maximum weaknesses, and he may usually try out the persistence of alternative senior Allied officials. the following, Tim Moreman examines the existence and occupation of this extraordinary yet deeply incorrect guy, providing insights into the brain of 1 of global conflict II's such a lot enigmatic and compelling personalities.

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Additional resources for Bernard Montgomery: The Background, Strategies, Tactics and Battlefield Experiences of the Greatest Commanders of History

Sample text

The German offensive had clearly petered out, but a characteristically cautious Montgomery was unwilling to advance, to the chagrin of Eisenhower, Patton, Bradley and his own US subordinates, and still hoped that the Germans would put even greater numbers of troops into the exposed salient created by their offensive. Montgomery was also very mindful of the heavy casualties an attack would entail and the need to keep forces in being for an eventual push into Germany. The failure to launch a promised attack on 1 January by Montgomery coinciding with a thrust from the south aroused Eisenhower and his colleagues' ire.

The atmosphere of mutual trust and confidence that had characterized relations between Monty and his US Allies during early 1944 quickly evaporated as a hoped-for early breakout failed to materialize and the fighting bogged down in Normandy. Indeed, Monty won the Normandy campaign only at considerable personal cost in terms of the confidence that Eisenhower, American commanders and senior British officers at SHAEF placed in him. To an extent he was lucky to retain his command. Montgomery, Operation Market Garden and the Battle of the Bulge, September 1944 to January 1945 Lieutenant-General Montgomery introduces Prime Minister Winston Churchill to his new puppy 'Rommel' at his tactical headquarters at Creully in Normandy, 7 August 1944.

The speed and scale of the German collapse and the inability of the shattered Westheer to mount an effective resistance, apart from isolated garrisons occupying the Channel ports, raised widespread expectations that the end of the war was in sight. For Montgomery the ensuing campaign in Northwest Europe was a time of acute frustration and one that starkly outlined some of the serious limitations of his leadership, personality and generalship as part of an Allied coalition. The month of September did not begin well for Montgomery, with the appointment of Eisenhower on 1 September 1944 as overall operational commander of Allied ground forces, as well as Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force, after SHAEF's headquarters became operational in France.

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