By Heinz Mehlhorn (auth.), Sven Klimpel, Heinz Mehlhorn (eds.)
This e-book gathers contributions through sixteen foreign authors at the phenomenon “bats,” laying off a few gentle on their morphology, the feeding behaviors (insects, culmination, blood) of alternative teams, their power and proven transmissions of brokers of illnesses, their endo- and ectoparasites, in addition to numerous myths surrounding their way of life (e.g. vampirism, chupacabras, batman etc.).
Bats were identified in several cultures for numerous thousand centuries, even if their nocturnal actions have made them mysterious and ended in many legends and myths, whereas confirmed evidence remained scarce. Even this present day, our wisdom of bats is still restricted in comparison to different teams within the animal country. additionally, their recognized skill to prevent collisions with stumbling blocks in the course of their nightly flights with assistance from a worldly and detailed method utilizing ultrasound waves (which are transmitted and obtained) is as poorly studied as birds discovering their means from continent to continent. in recent years, the place globalization transports thousands of individuals and items from one finish of the earth to the opposite, there are elevated dangers posed by way of brokers of illnesses, due to which bats have obtained expanding awareness as capability vectors. those suppositions are in keeping with their confirmed transmission of viruses equivalent to rabies.
In devoted chapters, the ebook addresses the subsequent topics:
• the realm of bats
• The surprising morphology of bats
• Bats as strength reservoir hosts for vector-borne diseases
• Bat endoparasites
• Macroparasites – ectoparasites
• Glimpses into how bats fly
• Blood-licking bats
• Vampirism in drugs and culture
• Chupacabras and “goat milkers”
• Myths on candiru
As such, this e-book offers a extensive variety of knowledge for all non-experts drawn to organic subject matters, but additionally for individuals operating during this box, in addition to physicians and veterinarians who're faced with scientific situations, and for academics and scholars attracted to increasing their wisdom of biology and of earlier and current cultures.
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Extra resources for Bats (Chiroptera) as Vectors of Diseases and Parasites: Facts and Myths
Breeding sites by certain species. Also impressive is the adaptive capacity of mosquitoes to extremes of, or changes in, climatic factors. This ecological flexibility is one of the reasons for the success of mosquitoes (Becker et al. 2010). g. to obtain proteins necessary for egg production. The host is located mainly by their olfactory senses, by the odour of carbon dioxide or the use of visual contact (Becker et al. 2010). While some mosquito species have specialized on birds, amphibians and other animal groups, others feed on mammals.
In 1971, the Toscana virus was isolated for the first time from the sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus in Monte Argentario, Toscana (Braito et al. 1997; Cusi et al. 2010; Valassina et al. 2003; WHO 2004). Later the virus was also isolated from the sand fly P. perfiliewi (Valassina et al. 2003). However, P. perniciosus is probably the most common insect vector of the Toscana virus, being one of the most abundant sand flies in southern Europe (Maroli et al. 1994; Sanbonmatsu-Ga´mez et al. 2005). With tourists, returning from Mediterranean countries, the virus has been imported to further European countries such as Germany, Sweden and Switzerland (Cusi et al.
Clin Microbiol Rev 19:531–545 Carroll RL (1988) Vertebrate paleontology and evolution. W. , New York, NY Cockrum EL (1969) Migration in the guano bat, Tadarida brasiliensis, vol 51. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, pp 303–336 Constantine DG (1962) Rabies transmission by nonbite route. Public Health Rep 77:287–289 Constantine DG (1967) Activity patterns of the Mexican free-tailed bat. University of New Mexico publications in biology, vol 7. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, pp 1–79 Fenton MB (1992) Bats.