Asiatic Honeybee Apis cerana: Biodiversity Conservation and by Dharam P. Abrol

By Dharam P. Abrol

The global is dealing with nutrition challenge because the starting to be human inhabitants is posing a chance to usual assets and speedy forthcoming famine. within the subsequent 50 years, the worldwide inhabitants is anticipated to arrive nine billion doubling the foodstuff, feed and crop call for. Concomitantly, this case has extra irritated due to pollinator decline world wide leading to pollination hindrance. those difficulties were extra aided and abetted by means of an absence of prophylactic growth within the conservation of biodiversity and elevated agricultural creation. between pollinators, honeybees are declining at alarming expense. the eu honeybee Apis mellifera is a well-studied insect. however the Asiatic honeybee Apis cerana which has supplied mankind with beneficial items, conservation of average assets and pollination of agricultural vegetation is comparatively little understood. This publication discusses info on assorted features of Apis cerana biology, biogeography, replica, genetics, molecular phylogeny, interplay with different spoecies, floral assets, dance language, defense from insecticides, administration difficulties, lack of genetic variety, behavioural defence, function in nutrition creation, livelihood safety and conservation ideas for shielding biodiversity and embellishing crop productivity. The compilation of this publication is exclusive within the feel that during the context of pollinator decline over the area, conservation of this species might be a step for maintaining foodstuff protection. The booklet might be worthy to beekeepers, pollination biologists, scholars, academics, scientists of agriculture, animal behaviour, botany, conservation, biology, ecology, entomology, environmental biology, forestry, genetics, plant breeding, horticulture, toxicology, zoology, seed growers and seed agencies.

The writer is a widely known bee scientist, honoured with numerous nationwide and foreign awards. He has released over two hundred unique examine papers, authored 10 books and visited Switzerland, Poland, South Korea,Malaysia and a number of other nations as exact invitee.

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Armbruster (1938a) also noted that some specimens resembled A. mellifera in terms of forewing venation (vide infra), which further convinced him that he was dealing with multiple species and which he named Hauffapis scheuthlei, Hauffapis scheeri and Hauffapis scharmanni (naming them for his collecting partners, along with various infraspecific forms). Subsequently, Zeuner and Manning (1976) united all these taxa, including that from Böttingen Marmor, into a single species and under the name A. armbrusteri, considering Armbruster’s three forms to be separate subspecies.

Cerana is an integral part of this indigenous approach and the indigenous knowledge that has evolved is a part of the natural heritage of these people. 7 Declining Populations of A. cerana A. cerana is being threatened by several factors, which include changes in land use and intensification of agriculture, which are leading to a loss of wild habitat, reduction in species availability for feeding, and death from pesticides; and on the other, introduction of A. mellifera into indigenous areas of A.

5 Characteristics of the Indian Hive Bee 19 solved by understanding the reasons for absconding and removing them before the colony attempts to desert. The Indian hive bee does not use propolis as the European bees do. This may be an adaptation to tropical climate, where hive ventilation assumes importance. The cracks in the floor board or gaps in the hive walls or frame joints are not sealed. This may attract pests like wax moth. One of the characteristic features of the hive bee is fanning used for ventilation of the hive.

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