By Willy M Sansen
This booklet is entitled Analog layout necessities since it comprises all subject matters of value to the analog dressmaker that are necessary to receive adequate insights to do an intensive activity.
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Extra resources for Analog Design Essentials (The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science)
Note however, that the Base-Emitter junction is forward biased. The value of the Base-Emitter junction capacitance C is thus jBE larger than its value at zero Volt, by a factor of 2 to 3. 0178 The diﬀusion capacitance C models the transition of D the electrons ﬂowing through the Base region, as a result of the Base-Emitter voltage V . Indeed these BE electrons are minority carriers in the p-Base region. Their passing through the Base, represents a charge Q B in the base, which constantly disappears toward the Collector but which is also constantly replenished from the Emitter.
The ones under Huijsing, Van de Plassche and Sansen are actually Proceedings of the annual European workshop ‘‘Advances in Analog Circuit Design’’, which was organized the ﬁrst time in 1993. All the other ones are textbooks. 021 All analog circuits are built up by means of a limited number of elementary building blocks. Thorough knowledge of these blocks is therefore essential to obtain insight into more complicated circuit schematics. This is why they are considered separately and analyzed in great detail.
Sensor interface and biomedical preampliﬁers are comfortable with this. Communication ampliﬁers usually require more than 70 dB SNR. As a result we have to stay in the region between weak and strong inversion. 2 V is therefore a good compromise. 026 Deep submicron CMOS devices provide less and less voltage gain however. 2 V. 6!! e. about 6. As a result we will have to devise all possible tricks to enhance the gain. Cascodes oﬀer such capability, and gain boosting, as explained later in this chapter.