By Ernest Drucker
While Dr. John Snow first traced an epidemic of cholera to a water pump within the Soho district of London in 1854, the sector of epidemiology was once born. Taking an analogous public healthiness methods and instruments that experience effectively tracked epidemics of flu, tuberculosis, and AIDS over the intervening 100 and fifty years, Ernest Drucker makes the case that our present extraordinary point of imprisonment has turn into an epidemic—a plague upon our physique politic.
Drucker, an the world over famous public healthiness student and Soros Justice Fellow, spent 20 years treating drug habit and one other twenty learning AIDS in a few of the poorest neighborhoods of the South Bronx and all over the world. He
compares mass incarceration to different, well-recognized epidemics utilizing uncomplicated public future health options: “prevalence and incidence,” “outbreaks,” “contagion,” “transmission,” and “potential years of existence lost.”
He argues that imprisonment—originally conceived as a reaction to individuals’ crimes—has develop into mass incarceration: a destabilizing strength that undermines the households and groups it objectives, harmful the very social constructions that hinder crime.
Sure to impress debate, this booklet shifts the paradigm of the way we predict approximately punishment through demonstrating that our unheard of premiums of incarceration have the contagious and self-perpetuating beneficial properties of the plagues of earlier centuries.
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Extra resources for A Plague of Prisons: The Epidemiology of Mass Incarceration in America
1. The Cholera Pump: Map of Cholera Deaths and the Water Pumps in Soho in the Outbreak of August–September 1854 This map shows all recorded deaths due to cholera in the Soho outbreak in late August and early September 1854, which took over five hundred lives. Dr. John Snow placed small markers at each address on a map—one mark for each death; the longer the marker, the higher the number of deaths at that address. , a brewery) have none at all. It also maps the location of the seven pumps (shown as smaller circles) that supplied drinking water to the Soho neighborhood.
But the Titanic ticket data became very useful, because they were a proxy for the passengers’ social class. The ticket type told us what part of the ship the passengers were sleeping in when the ship struck the iceberg that night— and their location determined their chances to make it up to AIDS: The Epidemiology of a New Disease 27 the deck and into a lifeboat, ultimately affecting their chances of survival. Another important job was to frame the correct comparisons. What were the differences between the places where AIDS clustered and those areas of the Bronx where AIDS cases were less dense?
It was subsequently found to be contaminated with raw sewage and was identified as the source of the outbreak. Source: Snow, On the Mode of Communication of Cholera, map. ” Snow made it a point to locate all the pumps that brought water to residents of the neighborhood. He knew the companies that owned each pump, and the sources of all the water pumps on his map. 6 Snow knew that the Broad Street pump provided water from the Southwark and Lambeth Company, a company that took its water from lower in the Thames River than any other commercial water supplier in the area—amd whose pumps had more opportunity to pick up contaminants from all the sewers that emptied into the Thames River above it.