A century of mathematics: Through the eyes of the Monthly by John Ewing

By John Ewing

This can be the tale of yankee arithmetic in past times century. It comprises articles and excerpts from a century of the yank Mathematical per month, giving the reader a chance to skim all 100 volumes of this renowned arithmetic journal with no really beginning them. It samples arithmetic yr by means of yr and decade by way of decade. The reader can glimpse the mathematical group on the flip of the century, the talk approximately Einstein and relativity, the debates approximately formalism in common sense, the immigration of mathematicians from Europe, and the frantic attempt to arrange because the conflict started. more moderen articles care for the arrival of desktops and the adjustments they introduced, and with a number of the triumphs of recent examine.

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01 By philosophically Holmes meant, as Hilliard and Green had, with sufficient consciousness of scientifically derived universal principles. " 64 Examination of the tort writs showed Holmes that in the case of certain civil wrongs, such as allowing dammed water or wild ani- THE INTELLECTUAL ORIGINS OF TORTS IN AMERICA 13 mals to escape, liability attached regardless of the culpability of the actor; that in others, such as assault or fraud, culpability was a prerequisite for liability; and that in still others the culpability of the defendant, although pivotal to recovery, was determined not from an analysis of his intentions but from an assessment of the social utility of his conduct, this assessment based on "motives of policy .

If the production of massive conceptualist treatises represented one principal goal of the legal scientists, training students in the techniques of the scientific method represented the other. Available sources describing the activities of the scientists do not entirely capture their impact as teachers.

The student or scholar pondered a given principle's extent and its limits; attempted THE IMPACT OF LEGAL SCIENCE ON TORT LAW, 1880-1910 33 to show "how it . . " 83 Having "discriminate[d] between the relevant and the irrelevant, between the actual and possible grounds of decision," one became "prepared . . " 88 The wholesale enthusiasm of the scientists for inductive reasoning did not entirely allay doubts on the part of those who were hostile to or suspicious of emerging late nineteenth-century methods of acquiring knowledge.

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